As for Iltis, an in-line four-cylinder gasoline engine with a volume of 1.7 liters (75 hp) was shoved under the hood. Hence the long nose. The Volkswagen transmission with a connected front axle formed the basis of the famous Audi quattro system. The gearboxes have “creeping” gears instead of a demultiplier. Locking the rear cross-axle differentials is not reinsurance, but a necessity, given the specific weight distribution and light rear of the cars. The suspensions are independent, but in the case of LuAZ, there are torsion bars. Iltis has transverse springs. Finally, the 967 can swim: it has no propeller, and all the work is done by rotating wheels.
For the “Russian “hammer”” one should thank … the Middle Eastern comrades, because GAZ did not plan it at all. In the late nineties, the military of the United Arab Emirates needed a multi-purpose SUV. To implement the idea, they organized the design bureau King Abdullah II & Development Bureau. The customer was Bin Jabr Group Ltd. Well, the executors were a subsidiary of GAZ “Industrial Computer Technologies”. Why not Land Rover or, say, AM General? Because the BJG shareholder represented by the Nizhny Novgorod manufacturer had the appropriate rights and powers.