SUVs are at the top of the interest in the world and it is especially interesting to see the popular companies from Europe, with which car they made their debut in the category.
Today almost all manufacturers have a proposal in their category SUV the Crossover, τα first European writing samples have their own interest.
What follows with alphabetical order, are the first models presented by the most popular European companies for the crossover and SUV category, giving their position more strongly since in their first “attempts” they paid more attention to projecting the special character of each manufacturer. Now, more than two decades after the launch of “fashion”, only a few specialized manufacturers with small production volumes have stayed away from the “dance” of SUVs.
Alfa Romeo Stelvio
THE Alfa Romeo is one of the manufacturers in this list that based on the story, one finds it hard to believe that until 2016 and Stelvio, did not have any proposal with off-road capabilities. And yet. It can be recorded as such the Matta of 1950, a model that looked like Jeep but the volume of production which was small and was absorbed almost entirely by the army for its own needs, removes it from the list. THE Stelvio is a real SUV in the modern sense and has the version Quadrifoglio to place it among the fastest SUV in the world.
The Audi Q7 closely related to Porsche Cayenne and Volkswagen Touareg, but went into production three years late, in late 2005. From 2008 to 2012, it was available with a V12 TDI turbo diesel 6.0 liters which produced less than 500 horsepower – and its features are the fact that it was never installed in any other production car. Now the model is in its second generation and has lost the title of “flagship” in its range Audi, since from 2018 there is also the Q8– while this year we are waiting to see Q9.
THE BMW is in the game of SUV for a relatively long time, as the first generation X5 of the four that have been released to date, made its debut in 1999. Since then, several high-performance versions have evolved, with the name X5 M. Part of the production of each generation of the X5, has been made in its factory Spartanburg in the Greer of South Carolina in the USA, where it was originally the sole manufacturing plant. From this factory, less than half a million SUVs are produced BMW each year.
THE Citroen entered the SUV market with the C-Crosser, which was released in 2007, having “next to it” the Peugeot 4007 and Mitsubishi Outlander (second generation) as “siblings separated at birth”. It remained in the news until 2012 in the form of a triplet, when the Mitsubishi “Pulled its way” leaving the two French companies to continue with common platforms and mechanical parts. Through the elements for which it stood out C-Crosser, was of course also in the mood to offer an increased level of comfort to its passengers, something that was and remains characteristic of its models Citroen.
Whoever says that first SUV of the Romanian mark Dacia it was the Duster he is right to some extent but if he means the model introduced in 2010, he is wrong. Initial Duster was released in 1980. It was really one Aro 10 with mechanical parts from Dacia 1300, its Romanian version Renault 12. In Britain, this model was sold for a while as Dacia Duster many years before the present appeared Duster, although in our parts, his career was made with his counterpart Aro (which in turn “was related to Citroen Meharic) the Dacia 10.
H Fiat from Panda first generation with the four-wheel drive version (1983), until 500Χ of 2014, did not have any proposal for the category that was to become one of the most interesting in the market. The 500Χ, with the spaciousness, the increased distance from the ground and the spaces for five, is a very good case for the data of the modern conception of SUV. Based on size, it is placed within the category B SUV, which in turn has experienced a particular bloom in the last 4 years- which means that again, the Fiat he was a pioneer.
Historically, her first attempt Ford in the category, was the Bronco, which first appeared in late 1965 and is now back in the spotlight with its new version. For Europe, however, the first Ford in this category, was the Maverick. His “duo” Mazda Tribute. THE Ford with one of the first samples badge engineering, took advantage of the very close relationship he had with Mazda at that time and presented with its marks a remarkable model. Without claiming laurels for its design, with a rather cubic body, the Maverick It was a first attempt by a tall passenger who also had four-wheel drive to “swallow” his driver in difficult times.
The SUV which is now known as G-Class in the Mercedes range was originally called G wagon, abbreviation of Gelandewagen, or “off-road vehicle”. Introduced in 1979 and then, the terms lifestyle and crossover, just did not exist on the map. It was a very capable off-road vehicle. In Greece, those who have gone to the army have seen what he can do (not to mention that everyone has already driven), with diesel engine that whatever you did with the clutch, did not go out. Unlike the earlier generations of the model, the modern counterparts will rarely be called upon to deal with something more serious off-road than a simple dirt road – although most versions of the model remain highly capable.
The Countryman, released in 2010, showed how difficult it was to use the familiar design elements of a Mini in a SUV. The good thing was that Countryman could accommodate two or even three full-height adults in the back seat, which was impossible for all the other versions of the model. In the Countyman we also saw the four-wheel drive system for the first time ALL4, which was then used in other models. Since the first attempt in 2010, a lot of water has flowed into the ditch and now the Countryman is very high on the company’s sales list.
Renault Scenic RX4
THE Renault he launched it Megan in 1995 and two years later used it as a basis for the polymorphic Scenic. After almost five years, the Renault presented the Scenic RX4, which had four-wheel drive, redesigned suspension and a much greater distance from the ground. The RX4 had a good off-road performance, which is enough to convince us that it was SUV, regardless of terrain maintaining a very good level of comfort for passengers – something that was and remains a feature of the models of the French manufacturer. However, probably because things did not go so well in terms of sales, this version did not continue in the next generation Scenic.
THE Seat made its debut in the market of SUV with the Ateca, which was released in 2016. The year the Spanish company completed 66 years since its founding. It was one of the first models based on the version A1 of the platform MQB of VW, which was also used in Skoda Karoq. It is worth noting that the model also acquired a high-performance version, which was launched with its brands new brand of the Group, της Cupra, which was introduced in 2018- which makes it Ateca the first SUV and for the Cupra.
In 2009 the Yeti, continuing its evolutionary course Skoda of that period. It was then that the once Czech company, made successive launches with new models that refreshed its image and put it for good in the market competition. The Yeti was based on a platform widely used by all its companies VW Group. When replaced by the largest Karoq in 2017, he certainly showed his age but he had managed to create a satisfied audience that was looking for the successor model, ensuring his good commercial course.
The Touareg was its version VW of one SUV which evolved together with Porsche. It was introduced in 2002, around the same time as Cayenne and three years before Audi Q7. The three models were mechanically similar but each had its own distinct style. The engines available for Touareg first generation included one 6.0-liter W12. This engine was then installed in many hi end luxury car versions of the Group, while the Touareg even with the “basic” V6 total.
The news that the Volvo was planning to launch its first SUV caused great excitement in 2002 when we first saw XC90, his course turned out to be very successful. The success of the model was also seen in the fact that it remained with small differences from its original form for 12 years in production. THE Volvo now has a whole range of models SUV and crossover, which underlines the acceptance of the world for its products that had as a “beginning of the thread” for their evolution, the XC90.
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